In my hometown of Chicago, Illinois, Halloween decorations switch to Christmas trinkets in early November. By December, the holidays are all anyone can think about! But everyone celebrates them differently, and being a culture nut, I love to learn about the holiday traditions all around me.

Here are five December holidays celebrated by millions of people around the world that I’ll bet you’ve forgotten….or maybe never heard of!

1. Krampusnacht and Feast of St. Nicholas (December 5-6)

In Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, and Hungary, jolly old St. Nicholas reigns over Christmas. He’s closely followed by his sidekick, Krampus, an ugly demon who frightens bad children into being good.

Scary demons pose during Krampusnacht near Richmond, Virginia. Image by Flickr user Eli Christman.

On Krampusnacht partygoers dress up in costume as devils and witches, drinking, participating in a “Krampus Run,” and visiting businesses to scare everyone before the Feast of Saint Nicholas the next day.

It’s like Halloween in December!

Fun fact: Krampusnacht is celebrated in the U.S. too! A Krampuslauf debuted in Virginia.

2. Bodhi Day (December 8)

For Buddhists around the world, Bodhi Day is an important day to remember. It marks the “Day of Enlightenment,” when Siddhartha Gautama sat under a bodhi tree and became “the Awakened One.” From there, Buddhism was born!

This holiday is celebrated all over Asia and by many different branches of Buddhism, like Zen and Theravada. Known as “Rohatsu” in Japan and “Vesak” in India, Bodhi Day can be observed through a variety of different ceremonies and festivals.

Fun fact: “Bodhi” is the Sanskrit word for “enlightened.”

Read next: A Walking Tour of London’s Christmas Lights

3. Our Lady of Guadalupe (December 12)

Celebrated in Mexico, this holiday is primarily a Catholic feast day. It honors the belief that the Virgin Mary, the patron saint of Mexico, miraculously appeared to a man in Mexico City in the early 1500s. Although it is not a federal holiday, the streets are crowded with festival-makers and pilgrims who come to pray at the famous basilica. While the goal of thousands is to pray, others dress in traditional costumes and dance at fiestas around the country.

Pilgrims pray at the famous Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City. Image by Adan Hernandez Bahena via Wikimedia Commons

What do they eat on the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe? This menu from the Catholic Culture website gives you an idea!

Fun fact: The Virgin Mary is said to have spoken in the native Mexican language, Nahuatl, leading thousands of indigenous people to convert to Catholicism.

4. Pancha Ganapati (December 21-25)

Ganapati is another name for the elephant god Ganesha. In Hindu mythology, Ganesha represents culture, art, and new beginnings.

A home shrine of Ganesh, decorated for Day 2 of Pancha Ganapati, or “blue” day. Image by Flickr user Ganga.108.

Sometimes called the “Hindu Christmas,” Pancha Ganapati consists of a five-day family holiday celebrated by Hindus around the world. Each day, people gather to worship Ganesha at a decorated shrine in their living rooms. All five days are packed with pujas (prayers) to perform, gifts to exchange, and elaborate themed ceremonies commemorating one of the five faces of Lord Ganesh.

For more details about this colourful holiday, check out Hinduism Today’s description!

Fun fact: An important part of Pancha Ganapati is righting past wrongs with family and friends, which means apologizing in front of everyone, so you can begin the new year afresh!

5. Hogmanay (December 31)

Hogmanay celebrates the Scottish New Year. On New Year’s Eve, people gather in the streets and in each other’s homes to welcome the new year with eating, drinking, storytelling, and gift-giving. Bonfires and fireworks are often part of the celebration as well.

It is a Hogmanay tradition to greet the new year by standing in a circle and singing “Auld Lang Syne.” Another famous tradition at Hogmanay is “first-footing,” where guests are invited to visit different homes after midnight, bearing gifts. Growing up between traditions, I remember celebrating Hogmanay with my Scottish relatives. The memory of standing in a circle of arms around the table and reading my history in my family’s faces stays with me still.

Fun fact: It’s good luck for a tall, dark man to be your first New Year’s visitor!

As you celebrate the December holidays in your own way, remember the rich cultural diversity that makes us who we are as global girls!

Read next: Inspiration to plan your trip to Edinburgh

What is your favourite December holiday? Share in the comments how you celebrate! 

Featured image of Edinburgh’s Hogmanay celebration by Robbie Shade via Wikimedia Commons.

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